Today I’m bringing you the first project in an incredible series I’m participating in:
STEAM POWER: Empowering Kids Through Hands-on Projects
This is a 5 part series I’m working on with 7 other talented bloggers who all love to explore STEAM projects. For the next 5 weeks we will bring you 8 projects centered around a topic. This week’s topic is FLY.
To see all of this week’s projects scroll to the end of the post. Here’s a sneak peek at my fellow contributors: Left Brain Craft Brain, What Do We Do All Day, All for the Boys, Lemon Lime Adventures, Meri Cherry, Tinkerlab, & Frugal Fun For Boys
For our flying project we decided to play with air and the concept of a vortex. I love that word, don’t you? I actually discovered this project by accident a few months ago. My son loves balloons and we were playing with one near a fan when it bounced over and got caught in the vortex of air coming out of the fan. My kids were thrilled watching the balloon dance and hover over the fan and I thought your kids might like watching this phenomenon too. Think of it as flying, floating, balloons dancing on air!
STEAM Activity: Dancing Balloons
- Circular Fan
- (2) Poster boards
- Steps One Make a “tube” out of poster board by taping two boards together to form a cylinder shape. The circumference of the cylinder should match the circumference of your fan. You want to tube to sit on top of the fan.
- Step Two Blow up your balloons and place the tube on top of the fan.
- Step Three Turn on the fan to a medium setting.
You’re done! Watch the balloon dance in the vertex of air!
- A poster board cylinder is not necessary for the project but I did find that it helped produce a more concentrated flow of air.
- The fan must be elevated and the tube cannot touch the ground! In order for the fan/tube combo to work properly you will need the fan to be elevated off the ground and tube sitting ON TOP of the fan to be able to pull in air. You will not be able to lay a fan on a table without space below it and have this experiment work.
- Do this inside! Even the slightest breeze will cause your balloons to drift off and the experiment won’t work. The best place to try this is inside away from a breeze or drafts.
Now the fun part, how many balloons can you get to dance at once? One balloon is easy, two is tricky, three and four are tough! But we did it! Slowly add more balloons in and watch as they dance around each other and bump each other out. It’s kind of like watching a school dance party.
Mechanical fans work by sucking in the air that surrounds them and them pushing that air back out in a breeze. Because the blades are rotating in a circular fashion, the breeze that is generated becomes a VORTEX, a mass of whirling fluid or air. Because the air is invisible you are not able to see the vortex until you place something in it that is affected by its movement, something light like a balloon. The balloons are easily pulled into the air vortex above the fan and held in place. If you add too many balloons, however they begin being bumped out of the vortex. Other examples of vortices are tornados, hurricanes, and whirlpools.
- Take off the poster board tube and observe how the balloons move. They should still dance but over a larger area.
- Adjust the fan at different speeds to see how it changes the strength of the vortex.
- Use different sized balloons and see what happens.
- Try using three fans pointed towards one center point. We did not try this but artist Daniel Wurtzel (see below) often uses multiple fans in his works of floating art.
Daniel Wurtzel. I discovered artist Daniel Wurtzel when I googled dancing balloons as I was prepping for this post. Mr. Wurtzel exploits the movement of air to create wondrous moving art pieces. And it turns out he pretty much did the same experiment we did only as an art installation. But don’t stop there. His moving art created by trapping fabric, paper, balloons and more in air is mesmerizing. Here is a prime example: Pas de Deux He even created a giant Paper Tornado as part of the 2014 Olympics Closing Ceremonies. Check out some videos of his work here.
More Steam Power FLYING Projects
Ready for more flying action?
Whirly Twirly Flying Birds – Left Brain Craft Brain
Indoor Boomerang – What Do We Do All Day
Paper Airplane – All for the Boys
Rockets – Lemon Lime Adventures
Make Your Own Zip-Line – Meri Cherry
Hot Air Balloon – Tinkerlab
M&M’s Tube Rockets – Frugal Fun For Boys
Here’s a sneak peek at all the STEAM topics in our series:
Week One: Fly
Week Two: React
Week Three: Harness
Week Four: Compute
Week Five: Grow
If you love unique STEAM projects for kids check out these posts:
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